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OER (Open Educational Resources)

How to cite OER

Using a regular citation and adding the CC licence information.

If your instructor prefers you cite your sources using a regular citation style, such as APA or MLA, add the CC or public domain licence information at the end of your regular citation.

Let's do an example for an image to be cited in MLA style (8th ed.).

First step: create a regular citation:

Cite the image, video, etc., as you do for MLA citation style.

The basic formula for citing IMAGES in MLA style:
Owner/author/creator. “Title of Image.” Title of Website, Publisher (if applicable), Publication date, URL.

Example of citing an IMAGE in MLA style:
Claypool, Robert. “Flamingo.” Flickr, 5 Oct. 2012,

Second step: add the licence information at the end:

Add the licence information at the end of the regular citation. This is where you need to pay attention to the licence that comes with each image or video you choose to use, as knowing those symbols, e.g.CC BY SA, come in handy. Either use the acronyms, e.g.CC BY SA, or the text versions of the licence, e.g. CC Attribution - Share-Alike.


  • Add "Public Domain" for content in the public domain.
  • For content permitted for educational use, like Khan Academy videos, add a phrase such as "Educational use allowed" in place of the licence information.

Example of adding licence information for an IMAGE for the complete citation:
Claypool, Robert. “Flamingo.” Flickr, 5 Oct. 2012, CC BY 2.0.
Need more citation examples?

Attribution: The content on this page, by Jennifer Snoek-Brown, Tacoma Community College Library, is licensed under CC BY-SA 4.0

© Western Sydney University, unless otherwise attributed.
Library guide created by Western Sydney University Library staff is licenced under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY)