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Referendum: The Indigenous Voice to Parliament

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people should be aware that resources in this guide may contain images, voices or names of deceased persons. There may also be culturally sensitive terms or language used in some of the resources in this Guide


Please use caution and critical reading skills when engaging with the Voice to Parliament campaign material. There are examples of misinformation and disinformation within the debate. The AEC's disinformation register is a resource to help determine whether information is reliable.

Check out for information about how the Voice to Parliament would be set up and would work if the Referendum is successful. For more information and support in evaluating the information download resources from the Community Toolkit to help you to prepare for your conversations.

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Indigenous representatives explain the model for the Voice


Murphy-Oates, L. (2023, January). The details on the Indigenous voice to parliament with Megan Davis [Podcast]. The Guardian.


ABC News (Australia). (2023, January 26). Professor Marcia Langton on Australia Day, the Voice and more | ABC News [Video]. YouTube.


ABC News (Australia). (2022, November 2). More people need to speak up for an Indigenous Voice, says Marcia Langton | 7.30 [Video] YouTube.


Prior, D. (Host). (2023, January 9). On country - Professor Marcia Langton: The voice co-design report speaks to David Prior about the Voice proposal [Podcast]. Soundcloud.


Dodson, P. (2023, February 8). The upcoming referendum is an extraordinary moment for our country [Video]. Twitter.


Tingle, L. (2022, September 2022). Senator Pat Dodson takes his calls for an Indigenous Voice to the UN General Assembly [Video]. ABC News. an/14062992?utm_campaign=abc_news_web& utm_content=link&utm_medium=content_shared&utm_source=abc_news_web


Search Foundation. (2022, June 27). Pat Anderson on Voice, Treaty, Truth [video]. YouTube.


ABC News (Australia). (2022, August 2). Constitution should recognise Indigenous people as first Australians, says Noel Pearson | 7.30 [Video]. YouTube.

Indigenous representatives and others explain why they are critical of the Voice


Belot, H. (2023, January 31). Lidia Thorpe welcomes sovereignty assurances over voice but remains undecided. The Guardian.


Butler, J. (2022, October 14). Lidia Thorpe wants action on treaty and truth before campaigning for Indigenous voice. The Guardian.


ABC News (Australia). (2023, January 31). Warren Mundine labels Voice to Parliament 'waste of millions' | ABC News [Video]. YouTube.


Mundine, N.W. (September 6,2022). Warren Mundine: Indigenous Australia cannot be spoken for by a single Voice. The West Australian.


ABC News (Australia). (2023, February 6). Jacinta Nampijinpa Price says 'we don't need a voice, we need ears' | 7.30 [Video].  YouTube.


SBS News. (2022, August 12). Our House Podcast: Jacinta Price shares her view on the Voice to Parliament | SBS News Podcast]. YouTube.


Sky News Australia. (2022, May 24).  An Indigenous Voice to Parliament may only 'divide': Price [Video]. YouTube.


Sky News Australia. (2023, February 13). Senator Jacinta Price set to head new ‘No’ Voice campaign [Video].  Sky News Australia


ABC News (Australia). (2023, January 11). Peter Dutton seeks assurances about limits of Voice to Parliament's role | 7.30 [Video]. YouTube.


Sky News Australia. (2022, August 2). Indigenous Voice to Parliament is 'just wrong': Tony Abbott [Video]. YouTube.


The Project.  (2023, January 23).  Voice To Parliament: Opposition calls for more details ahead of referendum [Video]. YouTube.


Lorena, A. (2022, November 29). Why do the Nationals oppose the Indigenous voice and do their arguments stand up to scrutiny? The Guardian. their-arguments-stand-up-to-scrutiny

Voice to Parliament Information and Self Paced Learning

If self paced learning is preferred, then here is a simple Training module to help you understand the current proposal. 

Media Coverage of the debate

The Saturday Paper has made all their articles about the Voice to Parliament Referendum available at no cost. Contributors to the Saturday paper include Barry Jones, Paul Bongiorno, Karen Middleton, and John Hewson.  

**You may need to register an email address.** 

Davis, M. (2020, August 17). Together our voices are the most powerful of all.  Indigenous X. /together-our voices-are-the-most-powerful-of-all/


Menzel, K (2022, December 22). It’s our voice: So let us speak. Indigenous X. us-speak/


Pearson, L. (2017, November,2) One person, one vote? Since when? Indigenous X.


Pearson, L. (2023, February,22) The Voice-things I am worried about and few other thoughts along the way. 

Indigenous X.



The Conversation. (n.d.). Articles on Voice to Parliament.


Grant, S. (2020, May 25). Three years on from Uluru, we must lift the blindfolds of liberalism to make progress.

The Conversation.


Thorburn, K., Ross, J., Kinnane, S. (2023 April 13). People in the Kimberley have spent decades asking for basics like water and homes. Will the Voice make their calls more compelling? The Conversation kimberley-have-spent-decades-asking-for-basics-like-water-and-homes-will-the voice-make-their-calls-more-compelling202606





ABC News In-depth. (2023, February 3). The year of the Voice | Q+A Highlights | ABC News [Video]. YouTube.


ABC News In-depth. (2022, July 6). What is a First Nations Voice to parliament and how close is Australia to having one? |ABC News [Video]. YouTube.


Bolt, A. (2022, August 9). Australia ‘on the brink’ of break-up amid Voice to Parliament push [Video]. Sky News Live.



Sky News Australia. (2022, August 2).  ‘Don’t think that’s relevant’: Bolt and Kenny clash on Indigenous Voice to Parliament [Video]. YouTube.


Sky News Australia. (2022, September 25).  Voice to Parliament a ‘fraud from the beginning’ [Video]. YouTube.


Sky News Australia. (2023, January 9). Peter Dutton made a 'very reasonable point' about the Voice to Parliament [Video]. YouTube.


Sky News Australia. (2022, September 4). The Voice debate: Tackling one of the biggest issues of a generation [Video]. YouTube.


Allam, L. (2023, December 5). What is the Indigenous voice to parliament and how would it work? The Guardian.


Butler, J. (2023, February 1). Voice to Parliament: Monarchist League blasts no campaign’s push for symbolic recognition as a ‘furphy’. The Guardian. referendum--monarchist-league-blasts-no-campaign


Collard,S. (2022, February 1). Referendum on Indigenous voice to parliament a ‘complete waste’ of money, Lidia Thorpe says. The Guardian.


Karp,P. (2023, January 29). Voice to Parliament no campaign to push for recognition of migrants as well as Indigenous people. The Guardian.


Lewis, P. (2023, February 7). By turning his back on bipartisanship, Peter Dutton is poised to lose either way the voice referendum goes. The Guardian.


Murphy, K. (2023, February 5). Albanese declares Indigenous voice won’t impact First Nations sovereignty. The Guardian.



McLeod, C. (2022, November 28). Nationals announce they will oppose Indigenous Voice to parliament.

Reading List


Allam, L. (2023, February 12). Linda Burney warns MPs who walked out on apology not to ‘repeat the mistake’ with the voice. The Guardian.


Ali MC. (2022, October 5). Australia moves to give Indigenous people a voice to parliament. Al Jazeera.


Australian Government. (2023). Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Voice


Bourchier, D. (Host), Higgins, I. (Reporter), Burney, L., Langton, M., & Leeser, J. (Contributors). (2018, November 29). A bi partisan committee is urging the federal government to reconsider its opposition to establishing an Indigenous advisory body  or voice to the parliament [Video]. Informit.


Duffield, L. (2023, January 31). Voice to Parliament: 'Yes' vote has many enemies. Independent Australia.,17190


French, R. & Lindell, G. (2023, February 4). Voice is low risk but high return. Financial Review.


Hobbs, H. & Jones, B.T. (2022). Egalitarian nationhoods: A political theory in defence of the voice to parliament in the Uluru Statement from the Heart. Australian Journal of Political Science 57(2), 129–144.


Galloway, T. (2023, January 29). What to expect from the Yes and No campaigns for the Voice. The Sydney Morning Herald.


Grattan, M (2023, April 12) Politics with Michelle Grattan: Professor Marcia Langton on the Voice’s powers and potential. The Conversation.


Larkin, D. & Galloway, K. (2021). Constitutionally entrenched voice to parliament: Representation and good governance. Alternative Law Journal46(3), 193–198.


McGlade, H. (2023, January 16). Voice will empower us, not undermine sovereignty. National Indigenous Times.  


McIlroy, T.  (2022, December 13). What is the Voice to parliament and would it (really) change anything? Financial Review.


McIlroy, T.  (2023, February 5). Voice advocate issues disinformation, ‘bothsidesism’ warning. Financial Review.


Moore, T. (2023, January 29). ‘We need to turn this corner together’, Qld minister says of Voice. The Sydney Morning Herald.


Morris, S. (2023, February 3). The no side in the voice referendum has misread the mood among migrants. The Guardian.


National Indigenous Australians Agency. (2021). Indigenous Voice: Discussion paper. Australian Government.


National Indigenous Australians Agency Senior Advisory Group. (2021). Terms of reference Senior Advisory Group. Australian Government.


O’Neil, J.  (2021). Designing an Indigenous voice that empowers: How constitutional recognition could strengthen first nations sovereignty. Alternative Law Journal46(3), 199–204.


Pocock, D.[authorised]. (2023). The Voice. David Pocock.


Renju, J. (2023, 30 January). Australian group launches campaign to stop Indigenous voice in parliament. Reuters.


Sakkal, P. (2023, January 30). Yes and no Voice campaigns battle it out for the migrant vote. The Sydney Morning Herald.


Tanuki,T. (2023, January 30). Indigenous arguments against the Voice exist — but the media is hiding them. Independent Australia.,17187

Visentin, L. (2022, July 27). Indigenous Voice could drive a wedge between Australians: Price. The Sydney Morning Herald.


Visentin, L. (2023, January 2). Voice more important than ‘warm and fuzzy’ push to change Australia Day. The Sydney Morning Herald.


Visentin, L., Crowe, D, & Sakkal, P. (2023, February 2). Indigenous Australians to be formally recognised in Voice proposal. The Sydney Morning Herald.


Yu, P. (2023, January 14) . Indigenous voice our very best chance of finally Closing the Gap. TheAustralian.


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